Advances in Digital PET Technology and Its Potential Impact on Myocardial Perfusion and Blood Flow Quantification

Fares Alahdab, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Ahmed Ibrahim Ahmed, Mouaz H. Al-Mallah

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: In this review, we explore the development of digital PET scanners and describe the mechanism by which they work. We dive into some technical details on what differentiates a digital PET from a conventional PET scanner and how such differences lead to better imaging characteristics. Additionally, we summarize the available evidence on the improvements in the images acquired by digital PET as well as the remaining pitfalls. Finally, we report the comparative studies available on how digital PET compares to conventional PET, particularly in the quantification of coronary blood flow. Recent Findings: The advent of digital PET offers high sensitivity and time-of-flight (TOF), which allow lower activity and scan times, with much less risk of detector saturation. This allows faster patient throughput, scanning more patients per generator, and acquiring more consistent image quality across patients. The higher sensitivity captures more of the potential artifacts, particularly motion-related ones, which presents a current challenge that still needs to be tackled. Summary: The digital silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) positron emission tomography (PET) machine has been an important development in the technological advancements of non-invasive nuclear cardiovascular imaging. It has enhanced the utility for PET myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) and myocardial blood flow (MBF) quantification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-268
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reports
Issue number4
Early online dateFeb 24 2023
StatePublished - Apr 2023


  • Coronary artery disease
  • Myocardial blood flow
  • Nuclear cardiology
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Silicon photomultiplier

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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