The aortic root is often affected by aneurysmal degeneration of the ascending aorta or dissection. It is important for the clinician to be familiar with current guidelines and recommendations for detection, monitoring, and intervention of the aneurysmal aortic root. Timely surgical referral to an experienced aortic center allows for close monitoring and possible intervention that may preserve the aortic valve in appropriate cases and avoid disastrous complications such as aortic dissection, rupture, or death. Patients with bicuspid aortic valve syndrome or connective tissue disorders (e.g. Marfan syndrome) are particularly at risk and should be followed aggressively. Whenever possible, attempts should be made to preserve or repair the aortic valve using valve-sparing aortic root replacement techniques. This article provides an overview of recent advances in management of the aortic root, including guidelines for surgical intervention, technical procedures, and outcomes.
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