Adsorption of iron cyanide complexes onto clay minerals, manganese oxide, and soil

Dong Hee Kang, A. Paul Schwab, C. T. Johnston, Margaret Katherine Banks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The adsorption characteristics of an iron cyanide complex, soluble Prussian blue KFe(III)[Fe(II)(CN)6], were evaluated for representative soil minerals and soil at pH 3.7, 6.4 and 9.7. Three specimen clay minerals (kaolinite, montmorillonite, and illite), two synthesized manganese oxides (birnessite and cryptomelane), and a Drummer soil from Indiana were used as the adsorbents. Surface protonation of variable charge sites increased with decreasing pH yielding positively charged sites on crystal edges and enhancing the attractive force between minerals and iron cyanide complexes. Anion adsorption on clays often is correlated to the metal content of the adsorbent, and a positive relationship was observed between iron or aluminum content and Prussian blue adsorption. Illite had high extractable iron and adsorbed more ferro-ferricyande anion, while kaolinite and montmorillonite had lower extractable iron and adsorbed less. However, less pH effect was observed on the adsorption of iron cyanide to manganese oxides. This may due to the manganese oxide mediated oxidation of ferrocyanide [FeII(CN)64--], to ferricyanide [FeIII(CN)63-], which has a low affinity for manganese oxides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1391-1396
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering
Issue number11
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010


  • Cyanide
  • adsorption
  • contamination
  • soil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering


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