Adrenalectomy increases the number of substance P and somatostatin immunoreactive nerve cells in the rat lumbar dorsal root ganglia

R. Coveñas, M. DeLeón, G. Chadi, A. Cintra, Jan-Ake Gustafsson, J. A. Narvaez, K. Fuxe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using an immunocytochemical technique we have analyzed changes in substance P, somatostatin, calcitonin gene-related peptide, and galanin immunoreactivity pattern in the rat dorsal root ganglia. After 7 days of adrenalectomy, sham operated rats were compared with adrenalectomized animals either receiving a daily intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/kg b.wt. corticosteronev or vehicle. Three lumbar ganglia from each animal were blocked, serially cut, and immunostained for each neuropeptide by means of the biotin-avidin-peroxidase technique. A systematic sampling of immunoreactive ganglion cells was performed and the sample number of immunoreactive ganglion cells was calculated. After adrenalectomy, the number of substance P and somatostatin immunoreactive ganglion cells markedly increased ((means ± S.E.M.): 245 ± 68 versus 123 ± 12 for sham operated animals, P < 0.01 (substance P) and 42 ± 8 as compared to 22 ± 9 for sham operated animals, P < 0.01 (somatostatin)). No significant changes were found in the number of calcitonin gene-related peptide and galanin immunoreactive cells after adrenalectomu. These results suggest that adrenal steroid hormones may reduce the synthesis of both substance P and somatostatin in the dorsal root ganglion cells. Daily treatment with a high dose of corticosterone, mimicking its serum levels after stress, failed to prevent the increase of peptide contents after adrenalectomy. These observations also indicate that a tonic action of corticosterone on mineralocorticoid receptors may be crucial for peptide regulation in the spinal ganglia. These results may be of relevance to adrenalectomy induced changes in sensory mechanisms, neurogenic inflammation and pain transmission and to a role of substance P and somatostatin in these processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)352-356
Number of pages5
JournalBrain Research
Volume640
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 21 1994

Keywords

  • Adrenalectomy
  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide
  • Dorsal rool ganglia
  • Galanin
  • Glucocorticoid
  • Immunocytochemistry
  • Somatostatin
  • Substance P

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Adrenalectomy increases the number of substance P and somatostatin immunoreactive nerve cells in the rat lumbar dorsal root ganglia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this