Adherence characteristics of endocarditis-derived Streptococcus gallolyticus ssp. gallolyticus (Streptococcus bovis biotype I) isolates to host extracellular matrix proteins

Jouko Sillanpää, Sreedhar R. Nallapareddy, Kavindra V. Singh, Mary J. Ferraro, Barbara E. Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Members of the Streptococcus bovis group are frequent colonizers of the intestinal tract, which can also cause endocarditis. However, their ability to adhere to and colonize host tissues and the factors associated with pathogenicity are largely unknown. Here, we assessed 17 endocarditis-derived human isolates [identified here as 15 Streptococcus gallolyticus ssp. gallolyticus (S. bovis biotype I), one S. gallolyticus ssp. pasteurianus (biotype II/2) and one Streptococcus infantarius ssp. coli (biotype II/1)] for their in vitro adherence to components of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Adherence to collagen type I was found to be the most common phenotype exhibited by 76% of isolates, followed by collagen type IV (53%), fibrinogen (47%), collagen type V (35%) and fibronectin (35%). Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analyses showed that >50% of endocarditis-derived S. gallolyticus ssp. gallolyticus isolates are genetically diverse, although two clusters of two and four isolates were observed. The diversity of strains and differences observed in adherence characteristics to distinct host ECM proteins suggest that isolates of S. gallolyticus ssp. gallolyticus produce different surface components, similar to other gram-positive pathogens, to colonize the host and cause infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104-109
Number of pages6
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume289
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • ECM
  • Extracellular matrix
  • PFGE
  • Streptococcus bovis
  • Streptococcus gallolyticus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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