Added prognostic value of plaque burden to computed tomography angiography and myocardial perfusion imaging

Ahmed Ibrahim Ahmed, Yushui Han, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Talal Alnabelsi, Faisal Nabi, Su Min Chang, Mohammed A. Chamsi-Pasha, Khurram Nasir, John J. Mahmarian, Miguel Cainzos-Achirica, Mouaz H. Al-Mallah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and aims: Cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) - derived measures of coronary artery disease (CAD) burden have been shown to independently predict incident cardiovascular events. We aimed to compare the added prognostic value of plaque burden to CCTA anatomic assessment and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) physiologic assessment in a cohort with high prevalence of risk factors undergoing both tests. Methods: Consecutive patients who underwent clinically indicated CCTA and SPECT myocardial imaging for suspected CAD were included. Stenosis severity and segment involvement score (SIS - number of segments with plaque irrespective of stenosis) were determined from CCTA, and presence of ischemia was determined from SPECT. Patients were followed for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, inclusive of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting 90-days after imaging test.) Results: A total of 956 patients were included (mean age 61.1 ± 14.2 years, 54% men, 89% hypertension, 81% diabetes, 84% dyslipidemia). Obstructive stenosis (left main ≥50%, all other coronary segments ≥70%) and ischemia were observed in a similar number of patients (14%). In multivariable Cox regression models, SIS significantly predicted outcomes and improved risk discrimination in models with CCTA obstructive stenosis (HR 1.15, p ≤ 0.001; Harrel's C 0.74, p = 0.008) and SPECT ischemia (HR 1.14, p < 0.001; Harrel's C 0.76, p = 0.019). Conclusions: Our results suggest that in patients with suspected CAD and a high prevalence of risk-factors, plaque burden adds incremental prognostic value over established CCTA and SPECT measures to predict incident cardiovascular outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-16
Number of pages8
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume334
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • CCTA
  • MPI
  • Plaque burden
  • SIS
  • SPECT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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