Background: The state of prediabetes comprises atherosclerotic changes leading to decreased vascular function in humans. This study examined the effects on incretin mimetics on vascular physiology in the prediabetic postprandial state. Methods: Fifteen obese adults with prediabetes participated in a randomized, crossover, double-blinded trial comparing the postprandial effects of exenatide, saxagliptin, and placebo on peripheral vasodilation. All studies utilized a standardized high-fat meal. Resting and peak forearm blood flow (FBF) were measured via strain gauge venous occlusion plethysmography, and makers of vascular dysfunction were measured in plasma. Results: Exenatide attenuated resting FBF at 3 hr (P = 0.003) and 6 hr (P = 0.056) postmeal, compared to placebo. Nonsignificant reductions in resting FBF were observed between saxagliptin and placebo at the same time points. No group differences were observed for peak FBF, plasma nitrotyrosine, and plasma 8-iso-prostaglandin F2alpha. A transient increase in plasma triglyceride was abated in the exenatide group, when compared to saxagliptin and placebo groups. Only exenatide group showed no significant upsurge in plasma insulin. Plasma-free fatty acids significantly declined in all three groups, although less markedly for exenatide. Postmeal glucose increased at 2 hr with placebo and saxagliptin, but simultaneously decreased with exenatide. Conclusions: Acute treatment with exenatide blunted the postprandial vasodilatory effect of a high-fat meal in prediabetes. Exenatide's acute effects derived primarily from multiple endothelium-independent processes. Trial Registration Number: NCT02104739.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism