Activation of the Rap1 Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Gene, CalDAG-GEF I, in BXH-2 Murine Myeloid Leukemia

Adam J. Dupuy, Kelly Morgan, Friederike C. Von Lintig, Haifa Shen, Hasan Acar, Diane E. Hasz, Nancy A. Jenkins, Neal G. Copeland, Gerry R. Boss, David A. Largaespada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Here we report the recurrent proviral activation of the Rap1-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor CAlDAG-GEF I (Kawasaki, H., Springett, G. M., Toki, S., Canales, J. J., Harlan, P., Blumenstiel, J. P., Chen, E. J., Bany, I. A., Mochizuki, N., Ashbacher, A., Matsuda, M., Housman, D. E., and Graybiel, A. M. (1998) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 95, 13278-13283; Correction (1999) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 96, 318) gene in BXH-2 acute myeloid leukemia. We also show that CAlDAG-GEF I encodes two protein isoforms, a full-length isoform (CalDAG-GEF Ia) and a C-terminally truncated isoform (CalDAG-GEF Ib). Expression of the full-length CalDAG-GEF Ia isoform in Rat2 fibroblasts enhances growth in low serum, whereas expression in Swiss 3T3 cells causes morphological transformation and increased saturation density. In FDCP1 myeloid cells, CAlDAG-GEF Ia expression increases growth and saturation density in the presence of the diacylglycerol analogs phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), which activates CalDAG-GEF Ia exchange activity. Likewise, in 32Dcl3 myeloblast cells, CalDAG-GEF Ia expression increases cell adherence to fibronectin in response to PMA and calcium ionophore and allows higher saturation densities and prolonged growth on fibronectin-coated plates. These effects were correlated with increased Rap1, but not Ras, protein activation following PMA and calcium ionophore treatment. Our results suggest that Rap1-GTP delivers signals that favor progression through the cell cycle and morphological transformation. The identification of CalDAG-GEF I as a proto-oncogene in BXH-2 acute myeloid leukemia is the first evidence implicating Rap1 signaling in myeloid leukemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11804-11811
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 13 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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