Activation of the mononuclear phagocyte system by poloxamine 908: Its implications for targeted drug delivery

T. I. Armstrong, S. M. Moghimi, S. S. Davis, L. Illum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Purpose. To investigate the effect of poloxamine 908 on the MPS activity and the importance of its mode of presentation to the immune system. Methods. Solutions of endotoxin free poloxamine 908 were injected daily intravenously to rats, and the effect on the degree of sequestration by the liver of I125 labelled, poloxamine 908-coated 60 nm polystyrene particles was investigated by studying effect of dosing regimen(s) and assessment of opsonic activity. Results. After 3 or 4 days repeated dosing with poloxamine 908 (0.7 mg) in solution, the poloxamine 908-coated polystyrene particles (60 nm) were rapidly cleared from the circulation. The increased sequestration of the particles by the liver lasted for more than 7 days after last dosing with the poloxamine 908 solution. In subsequent studies, it was found that a single dose of poloxamine 908 (0.7 mg) in solution was sufficient to activate the MPS 4 days after the injection. The increased uptake was found not be mediated by a serum component, nor was it due to proliferation of the Kupffer cells in the liver. Conclusions. The results provide evidence that a solution of endotoxin-free poloxamine 908 activates the MPS so that 4 days after injection otherwise long-term circulating poloxamine 908-coated particles are sequestered by the liver. This finding has implications for use of such coated systems in therapeutic situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1629-1633
Number of pages5
JournalPharmaceutical Research
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1997


  • Mononuclear phagocyte system
  • Nanoparticle
  • Poloxamine 908
  • Targeted drug delivery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology


Dive into the research topics of 'Activation of the mononuclear phagocyte system by poloxamine 908: Its implications for targeted drug delivery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this