Activation of mtorc1 and c-jun by prohibitin1 loss in schwann cells may link mitochondrial dysfunction to demyelination

Gustavo Della Flora Nunes, Emma R. Wilson, Edward Hurley, Bin He, Bert W. O'malley, Yannick Poitelon, Lawrence Wrabetz, M. Laura Feltri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Schwann cell (SC) mitochondria are quickly emerging as an important regulator of myelin maintenance in the peripheral nervous system (PNS). However, the mechanisms underlying demyelination in the context of mitochondrial dysfunction in the PNS are incompletely understood. We recently showed that conditional ablation of the mitochondrial protein Prohibitin 1 (PHB1) in SCs causes a severe and fast progressing demyelinating peripheral neuropathy in mice, but the mechanism that causes failure of myelin maintenance remained unknown. Here, we report that mTORC1 and c-Jun are continuously activated in the absence of Phb1, likely as part of the SC response to mitochondrial damage. Moreover, we demonstrate that these pathways are involved in the demye-lination process, and that inhibition of mTORC1 using rapamycin partially rescues the demyelinating pathology. Therefore, we propose that mTORC1 and c-Jun may play a critical role as executioners of demyelination in the context of perturbations to SC mitochondria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere66278
JournaleLife
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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