Acellular and cellular lung model to study tumor metastasis

Dhruva K. Mishra, Min P. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


It is difficult to isolate tumor cells at different points of tumor progression. We created an ex vivo lung model that can show the interaction of tumor cells with a natural matrix and continual flow of nutrients, as well as a model that shows the interaction of tumor cells with normal cellular components and a natural matrix. The acellular ex vivo lung model is created by isolating a rat heart-lung block and removing all the cells using the decellularization process. The right main bronchus is tied off and tumor cells are placed in the trachea by a syringe. The cells move and populate the left lung. The lung is then placed in a bioreactor where the pulmonary artery receives a continual flow of media in a closed circuit. The tumor grown on the left lung is the primary tumor. The tumor cells that are isolated in the circulating media are circulating tumor cells and the tumor cells in the right lung are metastatic lesions. The cellular ex vivo lung model is created by skipping the decellularization process. Each model can be used to answer different research questions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere58145
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number138
StatePublished - Aug 19 2018


  • 4-D
  • Cancer
  • Cancer research
  • Ex vivo
  • Issue 138
  • Lung cancer
  • Metastasis
  • Model
  • Tumor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)


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