Abrogation of chronic rejection in rat model system involves modulation of the mTORC1 and mTORC2 pathways

Li Zhang, Junping You, Jitinderpal Sidhu, Neelam Tejpal, Malathesha Ganachari, T. Spencer Skelton, Malgorzata Kloc, Xian C. Li, Rafik M. Ghobrial

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Current immunosuppressive regimens fail to avert chronic rejection (CR) of transplanted organs; however, selective targeting of actin-cytoskeletal regulators decreases T-cell motility and abrogates CR in rat model system. Administration of mutated class I major histocompatibility complex molecules or selective targeting of the RhoA pathway, which controls T-cell cytoskeletal activity, using Y27632 (a selective Rock1 inhibitor) resulted in reduced T-cell infiltration and abrogation of CR as judged from the neointimal index (13.9±19.7 vs. 45±37.5; P<0.001) and the number of affected vessels (30% vs. 60%; P<0.01). Here, we examined the role of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway in inhibition of CR. METHODS: A mutated class I major histocompatibility complex molecule that eliminates CR was delivered into ACI recipients of Wistar-Furth hearts at the time of transplantation with subtherapeutic cyclosporine (10 mg/kg on days 0-2). Controls included untreated and cyclosporine A-treated (10 mg/kg on days 0-2) heart allograft recipients. RESULTS: Western blotting and immunostaining showed that rat heart allografts with abolished CR exhibited down-regulation of the RAPA-sensitive mTORC1 components such as mTOR and Raptor and down-regulation of the RAPA-insensitive mTORC2 elements Rictor and Sin1. The mTOR regulator Deptor and its downstream target Rac1 were also inhibited. CONCLUSIONS: Abrogation of CR in rat model system involves modulation of two mTOR pathways: a RAPA-sensitive mTORC1 pathway regulating cellular proliferation and a RAPA-insensitive mTORC2 pathway regulating T-cell motility. Selective targeting of T-cell actin cytoskeletal pathways shows potential for pathway-targeted immunosuppression therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)782-790
Number of pages9
JournalTransplantation
Volume96
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2013

Keywords

  • Actin cytoskeleton
  • Chronic rejection
  • mTOR
  • Rac1
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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