A widely expressed transmembrane serine/threonine kinase that does not bind activin, inhibin, transforming growth factor β, or bone morphogenic factor

K. Matsuzaki, J. Xu, F. Wang, W. L. McKeehan, L. Krummen, M. Kan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

Molecular cloning of complementary DNAs (cDNA) whose expression products bind activin and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β1 and -β2) suggests that transmembrane serine/threonine kinases constitute a new class of signaling molecules. A human liver cell cDNA which codes for a new serine/threonine kinase receptor (SKR1) was identified using degenerate oligonucleotide primers complementary to coding sequence for mouse activin and Caenorhabditis elegans daf-1 serine/threonine receptor kinase subdomains VI and VIII in the polymerase chain reaction. The deduced 509-amino acid product consisted of a cysteine-rich extracellular domain and a cytoplasmic serine/threonine kinase domain which are 10-20 and 40% homologous to the respective domains in the activin and transforming growth factor β receptor kinases. Cells overexpressing SKR1 exhibited no increase in binding of activin, inhibin, TGF-β1, TGF-β2, or bone morphogenic factor type 2B. Except for its absence in bone and spleen, SKR1 exhibits a tissue expression pattern similar to the TGF-β receptor II gene. Similarly, SKR1 is expressed in normal parenchymal cells, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and tumor- derived epithelial cells. The expression pattern and lack of binding to prototypic members of the TGF-β1-5 branch of the TGF-β superfamily suggests that SKR1 is potentially a receptor for a new member of the TGF-β branch of the ligand superfamily.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12719-12723
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume268
Issue number17
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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