A user-configurable headstage for multimodality neuromonitoring in freely moving rats

Kanokwan Limnuson, Raj K. Narayan, Amrit Chiluwal, Eugene V. Golanov, Chad E. Bouton, Chunyan Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Multimodal monitoring of brain activity, physiology, and neurochemistry is an important approach to gain insight into brain function, modulation, and pathology. With recent progress in micro- and nanotechnology, micro-nano-implants have become important catalysts in advancing brain research. However, to date, only a limited number of brain parameters have been measured simultaneously in awake animals in spite of significant recent progress in sensor technology. Here we have provided a cost and time effective approach to designing a headstage to conduct a multimodality brain monitoring in freely moving animals. To demonstrate this method, we have designed a user-configurable headstage for our micromachined multimodal neural probe. The headstage can reliably record direct-current electrocorticography (DC-ECoG), brain oxygen tension (PbrO2), cortical temperature, and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) simultaneously without significant signal crosstalk or movement artifacts for 72 h. Even in a noisy environment, it can record low-level neural signals with high quality. Moreover, it can easily interface with signal conditioning circuits that have high power consumption and are difficult to miniaturize. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time where multiple physiological, biochemical, and electrophysiological cerebral variables have been simultaneously recorded from freely moving rats. We anticipate that the developed system will aid in gaining further insight into not only normal cerebral functioning but also pathophysiology of conditions such as epilepsy, stroke, and traumatic brain injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number382
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
Volume10
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 19 2016

Keywords

  • Brain oxygen tension
  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Cortical temperature
  • ECoG
  • Electrophysiology
  • Freely moving rat
  • Headstage
  • Multimodal brain monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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