A simple and rapid method for the purification of gangliosides from the total lipid extract of plasma, cells, or tissue is described. The novel component of the method is the partition of the dried total lipid extract in the three-component solvent system consisting of diisopropyl ether, 1-butanol, and 50 mm aqueous NaCl (6/4/5, v/v/v). Gangliosides partition nearly quantitatively into the lower aqueous phase, and other lipids into the upper organic phase, resulting from the mixture of these three solvents. The ganglioside-containing aqueous phase is then freed of salts and other low-molecular-weight impurities by gel filtration. The thin-layer chromatographic patterns of total gangliosides thus obtained are clear and distinct, even when small samples with very low ganglioside concentrations (e.g., 1-ml samples of plasma) are processed by this method. Thus, this new ganglioside purification method is especially applicable to comparative qualitative studies of gangliosides requiring the analysis of multiple small samples.
- gel filtration
- gnaglioside-purification methods
- solvent partition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology