A rare case of amatoxin poisoning in the state of Texas

Wei Chung Chen, Mahwash Kassi, Umair Saeed, Catherine T. Frenette

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ingestion of mushrooms from the genus Amanita can present detrimental consequences to the human body. The mushroom is frequently found in the coastal Pacific Northwest, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Ohio. Amanitin, one of the two distinct toxins isolated from the Amanita mushroom, is responsible for the majority of symptoms and signs seen with mushroom poisoning. Clinically, ingestion of these mushrooms can result in a wide range of clinical symptoms including nausea, vomiting, crampy abdominal pain, and diarrhea. There have been several case reports of patients who developed severe hepatic failure that required liver transplantation. Thus, it is important to recognize the symptoms early and treat the patients with the available agents including multidose activated charcoal, N-acetylcysteine, penicillin G, and Silybum. Through an extensive literature search, we found no published literature on amatoxin poisoning in the state of Texas. With new cases of amatoxin poisoning emerging in the state, it is important for healthcare providers and workers to have a better awareness and early recognition of the detrimental effects of Amanita species poisoning and to be educated to provide the proper care for this group of patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)350-357
Number of pages8
JournalCase Reports in Gastroenterology
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Keywords

  • Acute liver injury
  • Amanita
  • Amatoxin poisoning
  • Mushroom ingestion
  • Mycetismus
  • Texas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A rare case of amatoxin poisoning in the state of Texas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this