A prospective observational cohort study in primary care practices to identify factors associated with treatment failure in Staphylococcus aureus skin and soft tissue infections

Grace C. Lee, Ronald G. Hall, Natalie K. Boyd, Steven D. Dallas, Liem C. Du, Lucina B. Treviño, Sylvia B. Treviño, Chad Retzloff, Kenneth A. Lawson, James Wilson, Randall J. Olsen, Yufeng Wang, Christopher R. Frei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The incidence of outpatient visits for skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) has substantially increased over the last decade. The emergence of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has made the management of S. aureus SSTIs complex and challenging. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors contributing to treatment failures associated with community-associated S. aureus skin and soft tissue infections SSTIs. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study among 14 primary care clinics within the South Texas Ambulatory Research Network. The primary outcome was treatment failure within 90 days of the initial visit. Univariate associations between the explanatory variables and treatment failure were examined. A generalized linear mixed-effect model was developed to identify independent risk factors associated with treatment failure. Results: Overall, 21% (22/106) patients with S. aureus SSTIs experienced treatment failure. The occurrence of treatment failure was similar among patients with methicillin-resistant S. aureus and those with methicillin-susceptible S. aureus SSTIs (19 vs. 24%; p=0.70). Independent predictors of treatment failure among cases with S. aureus SSTIs was a duration of infection of ≥7days prior to initial visit [aOR, 6.02 (95% CI 1.74-19.61)] and a lesion diameter size ≥5cm [5.25 (1.58-17.20)]. Conclusions: Predictors for treatment failure included a duration of infection for ≥7days prior to the initial visit and a wound diameter of ≥5cm. A heightened awareness of these risk factors could help direct targeted interventions in high-risk populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number58
JournalAnnals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 22 2016

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
  • Primary care
  • Skin and soft tissue infections
  • Staphylococcus aureus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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