A prospective evaluation of interrupted nitinol surgical clips in arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis

Peter H. Lin, Ruth L. Bush, Jonathan C. Nelson, Russell Lam, Ramesh Paladugu, Changyi Chen, Gene Quinn, Alan B. Lumsden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The use of a self-closing nitinol surgical clip (Coalescent Surgical U-Clip) is a novel technique of creating an interrupted vascular anastomosis, which also eliminates the knot tying associated with a conventional vascular anastomosis. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) for hemodialysis as constructed using interrupted U-Clip devices and conventional continuous polypropylene sutures. Methods: We prospectively studied the clinical course of 132 patients (149 access) undergoing either forearm autologous arteriovenous fistula (FAVF, n = 69) or upper arm autologous arteriovenous fistula (UAVF, n = 80) or creations during a 39-month period. Among the FAVF, U-Clips and polypropylene sutures were used in 37 and 32 anastomoses, respectively. Among the UAVF, U-Clips and polypropylene sutures were used in 41 and 30 anastomoses, respectively. Primary patency, complication, and maturation rates were analyzed. Results: Clipped FAVF had an improved maturation rate at 6 weeks (32 of 37, 86%) when compared with sutured FAVF (22 of 32, 69%, P <0.05). There was no difference in the maturation rate among UAVF constructed with either U-Clips or sutures (88% versus 87%, not significant). The primary patency rates at 12, 24, and 36 months were 91%, 84%, and 75% for the clipped FAVF; and 83%, 74%, and 61% for the sutured FAVF (P <0.05) There was no difference in the patency rate of UAVF constructed with either U-Clips or polypropylene sutures at either 12, 24 or 36 moths (91%, 80%, and 75% versus 83%, 77%, and 69%, respectively). Conclusions: The U-Clips are a viable alternative to sutures for creating vascular anastomosis. It provides a improved maturation and patency rates when compared with the conventional sutured AVF in the forearm. The clinical benefit of the U-Clips may be due in part to the improved compliance created by the interrupted anastomotic technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-630
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume186
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anastomotic compliance
  • Hemodialysis access
  • Interrupted anastomosis
  • Vascular anastomosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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