A preliminary report: Frequency of A-T heterozygotes among prostate cancer patients with severe late responses to radiation therapy

Eric J. Hall, Peter B. Schiff, Gerald E. Hanks, David J. Brenner, James Russo, Jing Chen, Satin G. Sawant, Tej K. Pandita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate whether a significant proportion of prostate cancer patients who have late sequelae after high-dose external-beam conformal radiation therapy are radiosensitive because they are carriers of ataxia-telangiectasia, that is, are heterozygous for mutations in the ATM gene. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A group of prostate cancer patients were selected who experienced severe late sequelae, specifically proctitis or cystitis, after high-dose external-beam conformal radiation therapy, together with a control group of patients treated in the same way but who did not have severe late effects. Blood samples were taken from these patients, genomic DNA extracted, and mutations sought in the ATM gene. RESULTS: Of 17 late-effect patients in whom most or all of the ATM gene has been examined, significant mutations (17.6%) were identified in three. No significant mutations were found in the control group. The incidence of ataxia- telangiectasia heterozygotes in the United States population is 1% to 2%. DISCUSSION: These preliminary data suggest that a disproportionate number, but by no means all, of prostate cancer radiotherapy patients who experience severe late effects are ataxia-telangiectasia heterozygotes. If this conclusion is confirmed, these individuals could be identified prospectively and, with dose de- escalation, spared a great deal of discomfort and suffering. As a corollary, if most of the small late-effects population were prospectively identifiable, the dose to the remaining population could potentially be escalated. Present methods of identifying mutations in a large gene, such as ATM, are cumbersome and expensive, but the technology is evolving rapidly, so that rapid screening of the ATM gene is imminent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-389
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Journal from Scientific American
Volume4
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1998

Keywords

  • A-T heterozygotes
  • Ataxia-telangientasia
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Late effects
  • Mutations in ATM gene
  • Prostate cancer
  • Radiation therapy and cancer
  • Radiosensitive subgroup

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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