A porous media approach to finite deformation behaviour in soft tissues

E. A. Meroi, A. N. Natali, B. A. Schrefler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present work presents a porous medium formulation for the biomechanical analysis of soft tissues. An updated Lagrangian approach is developed to study the coupled effects of low speed flows of fluid phases, in partially or fully saturated conditions, and the finite deformation occurring in the solid matrix. The procedure developed allows both for the evaluation of coupled geometric and material non-linearities. The main theoretical and computational aspects of this multiphase formulation are discussed. The finite element method is used for the numerical solution of the resulting coupled system of equations. A reference case is reported with regard to healthy and degenerative phases of intervertebral segment. Results reported allow for a detailed interpretation of the formulation reliability, also by comparison with existing experimental data. In particular, the role played by the fluid on the load carrying mechanism is pointed out, thus stressing the importance of a multiphase approach to the overall behaviour of the spinal motion segment in time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-170
Number of pages14
JournalComputer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

Keywords

  • Computational mechanics
  • Non-linear analysis
  • Porous media
  • Tissue mechanics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction

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