34 patients with cerebral metastases from malignant melanoma received sequential dacarbazine at 250 mg/m2 followed 2 h later by foteraustine at 100 mg/m2; this was repeated on day 8. Maintenance therapy was given every 4 weeks to patients with radiological evidence of response or stable disease until a maximum response was achieved plus two more cycles. A 12% response rate was obtained for cerebral metastases, with 2 complete responses lasting 12 and 36+ months, and 2 partial responses lasting 2.5 and 3.75 months. Toxicity was mainly haematological with grade 3-4 leucopenia and thrombocytopenia in 23.5% of patients. No pulmonary toxicity was seen. This schedule of sequential dacarbazine and fotemustine has low activity against metastatic melanoma, and the response rate for cerebral metastases is not superior to that shown in other studies with single agent fotemustine, but the treatment was well tolerated and can be delivered on an outpatient basis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research