Purpose: Glioblastoma (GBM) is a heterogeneous malignancy with multiple subpopulations of cancer cells present within any tumor. We present the results of a phase I clinical trial using an autologous dendritic cell (DC) vaccine pulsed with lysate derived from a GBM stem-like cell line. Patients and Methods: Patients with newly diagnosed and recurrent GBM were enrolled as separate cohorts. Eligibility criteria included a qualifying surgical resection or minimal tumor size, ≤ 4-mg dexamethasone daily dose, and Karnofsky score ≥70. Vaccine treatment consisted of two phases: an induction phase with vaccine given weekly for 4 weeks, and a maintenance phase with vaccines administered every 8 weeks until depletion of supply or disease progression. Patients with newly diagnosed GBM also received standard-of-care radiation and temozolomide. The primary objective for this open-label, single-institution trial was to assess the safety and tolerability of the autologous DC vaccine. Results: For the 11 patients with newly diagnosed GBM, median progression-free survival (PFS) was 8.75 months, and median overall survival was 20.36 months. For the 25 patients with recurrent GBM, median PFS was 3.23 months, 6-month PFS was 24%, and median survival was 11.97 months. A subset of patients developed a cytotoxic T-cell response as determined by an IFNg ELISpot assay. Conclusions: In this trial, treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent GBM with autologous DC vaccine pulsed with lysate derived from an allogeneic stem-like cell line was safe and well tolerated. Clinical outcomes add to the body of evidence suggesting that immunotherapy plays a role in the treatment of GBM.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Feb 15 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research