We report the case of a 71-year-old woman with progressive dementia over the course of 4 years, characterized by prominent pyramidal signs and by the lack of ataxia and other cerebellar signs. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) was not suspected during the patient's life. Autopsy brain tissue showed severe spongiform encephalopathy with kuru-like, but not florid, plaques in neocortex and cerebellum. Massive synaptic diffuse and plaque-like PrPSc deposition was found in the cerebral cortex, striatum, cerebellum and brainstem. Genetic analysis revealed no PRNP gene mutations and methionine/valine heterozygosity (MV) at codon 129. The pathogenic scrapie prion protein (PrPSc) pattern detected by Western blot was Type 2. However, this pattern showed a single unglycosylated band in contrast to the doublet described for MV2 subtype of sCJD with kuru plaques. In summary, this is an autopsy case report of a particular presentation of MV2 subtype of sCJD.
- Case report
- Prion proteins
- Sporadic Creutzfeldt Jakob disease
- Western blot
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine