A novel method for the reproducible production of thoracolumbar burst fractures in human cadaveric specimens

Hugh L. Jones, Alexis L. Crawley, Phillip C. Noble, Andrew J. Schoenfeld, Bradley K. Weiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background context: Currently, there is no reproducible method that produces thoracolumbar burst fractures in human cadavers wherein the fracture configuration mirrors that seen naturally, and soft tissues are maintained. Purpose: To describe a novel method of burst fracture production. Study design: Biomechanical. Methods: Five cadaveric specimens were potted in polymethymethacrylate at T10 and L4; T10 to T12 and L2 to L4 were encased in a pourable rigid foam; flexion of 15° was created focused at L1; and a drop tower weight of 25 kg via "free fall" was used. On load delivery, the spine was allowed to flex without restriction (native bony and soft-tissue constraints). X-ray, computed tomography scan, and open dissection were used to confirm burst configuration. Results: All five specimens were found to have the "classic" burst configuration characterized by superior end plate comminution, depression of the anterior column, middle column burst with three to five fragments; the classic central fragment retropulsed into the canal, and the pedicular spread via basilar fracture. Conclusion: This novel method affords true burst fracture reproduction without "prestressing" (notching, osteotomies, laminectomy, stripping) used in previous methods. This should allow greater accuracy for the translation of biomechanical testing to clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-451
Number of pages5
JournalSpine Journal
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Burst fracture
  • Lumbar spine
  • Model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

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