Herpes simplex viruses (HSVs) would offer numerous advantages as vectors for gene transfer, but as yet they have not proved capable of transducing hematopoietic cells. Using a genetically inactivated form of HSV that is restricted to a single cycle of replication (disabled single-cycle virus, [DISC-HSVI], we have transduced normal human hematopoietic progenitor cells and primary leukemia blasts with efficiencies ranging from 80% to 100%, in the absence of growth factors or stromal support. Toxicity was low, with 70% to 100% of cells surviving the transduction process. Peak expression of transferred genes occurred at 24 to 48 hours after transduction with the DISC-HSV vector, declining to near background levels by 14 days. Despite this limitation, sufficient protein is produced by the inserted gene to permit consideration of the vector for applications in which transient expression is adequate. One example is the transfer of immunostimulatory genes, to generate leukemia immunogens. Thus, murine A20 leukemia cells transduced with a DISC- HSV vector encoding granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor were able to stimulate a potent antitumor response in mice, even against pre- existing leukemia. The exceptional transducing ability of the DISC-HSV vector should therefore facilitate genetic manipulation of normal and malignant human hematopoietic cells for biological and clinical investigation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology