A naturally occurring single amino acid replacement in multiple gene regulator of group a streptococcus significantly increases virulence

Misu Sanson, Brian E. O'Neill, Priyanka Kachroo, Jeff R. Anderson, Anthony R. Flores, Chandni Valson, Concepcion C. Cantu, Nishanth Makthal, Christof Karmonik, Nahuel Fittipaldi, Muthiah Kumaraswami, James M. Musser, Randall J. Olsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most common source of genetic variation within a species; however, few investigations demonstrate how naturally occurring SNPs may increase strain virulence. We recently used group A Streptococcus as a model pathogen to study bacteria strain genotype-patient disease phenotype relationships. Whole-genome sequencing of approximately 800 serotype M59 group A Streptococcus strains, recovered during an outbreak of severe invasive infections across North America, identified a disproportionate number of SNPs in the gene encoding multiple gene regulator of group A Streptococcus (mga). Herein, we report results of studies designed to test the hypothesis that the most commonly occurring SNP, encoding a replacement of arginine for histidine at codon 201 of Mga (H201R), significantly increases virulence. Whole transcriptome analysis revealed that the H201R replacement significantly increased expression of mga and 54 other genes, including many proven virulence factors. Compared to the wild-type strain, a H201R isogenic mutant strain caused significantly larger skin lesions in mice. Serial quantitative bacterial culture and noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging also demonstrated that the isogenic H201R strain was significantly more virulent in a nonhuman primate model of joint infection. These findings show that the H201R replacement in Mga increases the virulence of M59 group A Streptococcus and provide new insight to how a naturally occurring SNP in bacteria contributes to human disease phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)462-471
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume185
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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