A Murine Oral-Exposure Model for Nano- and Micro-Particulates: Demonstrating Human Relevance with Food-Grade Titanium Dioxide

Sebastian Riedle, John W. Wills, Michelle Miniter, Don E. Otter, Harjinder Singh, Andy P. Brown, Stuart Micklethwaite, Paul Rees, Ravin Jugdaohsingh, Nicole C. Roy, Rachel E. Hewitt, Jonathan J. Powell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human exposure to persistent, nonbiological nanoparticles and microparticles via the oral route is continuous and large scale (1012–1013 particles per day per adult in Europe). Whether this matters or not is unknown but confirmed health risks with airborne particle exposure warns against complacency. Murine models of oral exposure will help to identify risk but, to date, lack validation or relevance to humans. This work addresses that gap. It reports i) on a murine diet, modified with differing concentrations of the common dietary particle, food grade titanium dioxide (fgTiO2), an additive of polydisperse form that contains micro- and nano-particles, ii) that these diets deliver particles to basal cells of intestinal lymphoid follicles, exactly as is reported as a “normal occurrence” in humans, iii) that confocal reflectance microscopy is the method of analytical choice to determine this, and iv) that food intake, weight gain, and Peyer's patch immune cell profiles, up to 18 weeks of feeding, do not differ between fgTiO2-fed groups or controls. These findings afford a human-relevant and validated oral dosing protocol for fgTiO2 risk assessment as well as provide a generalized platform for application to oral exposure studies with nano- and micro-particles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2000486
JournalSmall
Volume16
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • Peyer's patches
  • diet
  • nanoparticles
  • titanium dioxide
  • validated exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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