A multi-step process to improve texturing and transport current in BSCCO (2223) superconductors

A. Tampieri, G. Celotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Bulk BSCCO(2223) was prepared by a multi-step process (high cold pressing + pressureless sintering + hot-forging): the final density of the samples exceeds 95% and the orientation factor increases up to 86%. It was found that the process phenomenology is strictly linked to the starting powder stoichiometry and characteristics: when composition is very near to the theoretical (2223), effects of secondary phase extrusion are observed during hot-forging, yielding a purification and inhibition of (2212) formation, accompanied by an appreciable increase of Jc respect to hotpressed samples. When Ca/Sr ratio is considerably >1, recrystallisation of (2223) from the liquid takes place, with a remarkable improvement of critical current density (Jc > 104 A/cm2). In this case, the non-superconducting secondary phases act as intrinsic oxygen reservoir. Finally, when composition diverges even more from (2223) (Ca/Sr 1 and Cu excess), the formation of too many precipitates of non-superconducting phases hinders the texturing process and more in general deteriorates the intergranular properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2010-2013
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number2 PART 2
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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