A multi-scale computational model for the passive mechanical behavior of right ventricular myocardium

David S. Li, Emilio A. Mendiola, Reza Avazmohammadi, Frank B. Sachse, Michael S. Sacks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We have previously demonstrated the importance of myofiber–collagen mechanical interactions in modeling the passive mechanical behavior of right ventricle free wall (RVFW) myocardium. To gain deeper insights into these coupling mechanisms, we developed a high-fidelity, micro-anatomically realistic 3D finite element model of right ventricle free wall (RVFW) myocardium by combining high-resolution imaging and supercomputer-based simulations. We first developed a representative tissue element (RTE) model at the sub-tissue scale by specializing the hyperelastic anisotropic structurally-based constitutive relations for myofibers and ECM collagen, and equi-biaxial and non-equibiaxial loading conditions were simulated using the open-source software FEniCS to compute the effective stress–strain response of the RTE. To estimate the model parameters of the RTE model, we first fitted a ’top-down’ biaxial stress–strain behavior with our previous structurally based (tissue-scale) model, informed by the measured myofiber and collagen fiber composition and orientation distributions. Next, we employed a multi-scale approach to determine the tissue-level (5 x 5 x 0.7 mm specimen size) RVFW biaxial behavior via ’bottom-up’ homogenization of the fitted RTE model, recapitulating the histologically measured myofiber and collagen orientation to the biaxial mechanical data. Our homogenization approach successfully reproduced the tissue-level mechanical behavior of our previous studies in all biaxial deformation modes, suggesting that the 3D micro-anatomical arrangement of myofibers and ECM collagen is indeed a primary mechanism driving myofiber–collagen interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105788
Pages (from-to)105788
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • Finite element modeling
  • Image based modeling
  • Myocardium mechanics
  • Heart Ventricles
  • Heart
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Myocardium/pathology
  • Collagen
  • Stress, Mechanical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials


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