A multi-center, dose-escalation study of human type I pancreatic elastase (PRT-201) administered after arteriovenous fistula creation

Eric K. Peden, David B. Leeser, Bradley S. Dixon, Mahmoud T. El-Khatib, Prabir Roy-Chaudhury, Jeffrey H. Lawson, Matthew T. Menard, Laura M. Dember, Marc H. Glickman, Pamela N. Gustafson, Andrew T. Blair, Marianne Magill, F. Nicholas Franano, Steven K. Burke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To explore the safety and efficacy of PRT-201. Methods: randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single-dose escalation study of Prt-201 (0.0033 to 9 mg) applied after arteriovenous fstula (AVF) creation. Participants were followed for one year. The primary outcome measure was safety. Efficacy measures were the proportion with intra-operative increases in AVF outflow vein diameter or blood flow ≥25% (primary), changes in outflow vein diameter and blood flow, AVF maturation and lumen stenosis by ultrasound criteria and AVF patency. Results: the adverse events in the Prt-201 group (n=45) were similar to those in the placebo group (n=21). there were no differences in the proportion with ≥25% increase in vein diameter or blood flow, successful maturation or lumen stenosis. There was no statistically significant difference in primary patency between the dose groups (placebo n=21, Low Dose n=16, Medium dose n=17 and High dose n=12). In a subgroup analysis that excluded three participants with early surgical failures, the hazard ratio (Hr) for primary patency loss of Low dose compared with placebo was 0.38 (95% cI 0.10-1.41, P=0.15). In a cox model, Low dose (Hr 0.27, 95% cI 0.04-0.79, P=0.09), white race (Hr 0.17, 95% cI 0.03-0.79, P=0.02), and age <65 years (Hr 0.25, cI 0.05-1.15, P=0.08) were associated (P<0.10) with a decreased risk of primary patency loss. Conclusions: PRT-201 was not different from placebo for safety or efficacy measures. There was a suggestion for improved AVF primary patency with Low Dose PRT-201 that is now being studied in a larger clinical trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-151
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vascular Access
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Arteriovenous fistula
  • Clinical trial
  • Pancreatic elastase
  • PRT-201
  • Renal dialysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Nephrology

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