A mitocentric view of Parkinson's disease

Nele A Haelterman, Wan Hee Yoon, Hector Sandoval, Manish Jaiswal, Joshua M Shulman, Hugo J Bellen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disease, yet the underlying causative molecular mechanisms are ill defined. Numerous observations based on drug studies and mutations in genes that cause PD point to a complex set of rather subtle mitochondrial defects that may be causative. Indeed, intensive investigation of these genes in model organisms has revealed roles in the electron transport chain, mitochondrial protein homeostasis, mitophagy, and the fusion and fission of mitochondria. Here, we attempt to synthesize results from experimental studies in diverse systems to define the precise function of these PD genes, as well as their interplay with other genes that affect mitochondrial function. We propose that subtle mitochondrial defects in combination with other insults trigger the onset and progression of disease, in both familial and idiopathic PD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-59
Number of pages23
JournalAnnual review of neuroscience
Volume37
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Mitochondria
  • Models, Biological
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Neurons
  • Parkinson Disease
  • Journal Article
  • Review

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