A mesoscopic bridging scale method for fluids and coupling dissipative particle dynamics with continuum finite element method

Milos Kojic, Nenad Filipovic, Akira Tsuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


A multiscale procedure to couple a mesoscale discrete particle model and a macroscale continuum model of incompressible fluid flow is proposed in this study. We call this procedure the mesoscopic bridging scale (MBS) method since it is developed on the basis of the bridging scale method for coupling molecular dynamics and finite element models [G.J. Wagner, W.K. Liu, Coupling of atomistic and continuum simulations using a bridging scale decomposition, J. Comput. Phys. 190 (2003) 249-274]. We derive the governing equations of the MBS method and show that the differential equations of motion of the mesoscale discrete particle model and finite element (FE) model are only coupled through the force terms. Based on this coupling, we express the finite element equations which rely on the Navier-Stokes and continuity equations, in a way that the internal nodal FE forces are evaluated using viscous stresses from the mesoscale model. The dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) method for the discrete particle mesoscale model is employed. The entire fluid domain is divided into a local domain and a global domain. Fluid flow in the local domain is modeled with both DPD and FE method, while fluid flow in the global domain is modeled by the FE method only. The MBS method is suitable for modeling complex (colloidal) fluid flows, where continuum methods are sufficiently accurate only in the large fluid domain, while small, local regions of particular interest require detailed modeling by mesoscopic discrete particles. Solved examples - simple Poiseuille and driven cavity flows illustrate the applicability of the proposed MBS method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)821-833
Number of pages13
JournalComputer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
Issue number6-8
StatePublished - Jan 15 2008


  • Coupling Navier-Stokes and dissipative particle dynamics equations
  • Dissipative particle dynamics method
  • Finite element method
  • Mesoscopic bridging scale method
  • Multiscale modeling of fluid flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Mechanics


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