A membrane-based force generation mechanism in auditory sensory cells

Federico Kalinec, Matthew C. Holley, Kuni H. Iwasa, David J. Lim, Bechara Kachar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

216 Scopus citations


Auditory outer hair cells can elongate and shorten at acoustic frequencies in response to changes of plasma membrane potential. We show that this fast bidirectional contractile activity consists of an electromechanical transduction process that occurs at the lateral plasma membrane and can be activated and analyzed independently in small membrane patches inside a patch electrode. Bidirectional forces are generated by increases and decreases in membrane area in response to hyperpolarization and depolarization, respectively. We suggest that the force generation mechanism is driven by voltage-dependent conformational changes within a dense array of large transmembrane proteins associated with the site of electromechanical transduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8671-8675
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number18
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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