A Genetically Tractable, Natural Mouse Model of Cryptosporidiosis Offers Insights into Host Protective Immunity

Adam Sateriale, Jan Šlapeta, Rodrigo Baptista, Julie B. Engiles, Jodi A. Gullicksrud, Gillian T. Herbert, Carrie F. Brooks, Emily M. Kugler, Jessica C. Kissinger, Christopher A. Hunter, B. Striepen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cryptosporidium is a leading cause of diarrheal disease and an important contributor to early childhood mortality, malnutrition, and growth faltering. Older children in high endemicity regions appear resistant to infection, while previously unexposed adults remain susceptible. Experimental studies in humans and animals support the development of disease resistance, but we do not understand the mechanisms that underlie protective immunity to Cryptosporidium. Here, we derive an in vivo model of Cryptosporidium infection in immunocompetent C57BL/6 mice by isolating parasites from naturally infected wild mice. Similar to human cryptosporidiosis, this infection causes intestinal pathology, and interferon-γ controls early infection while T cells are critical for clearance. Importantly, mice that controlled a live infection were resistant to secondary challenge and vaccination with attenuated parasites provided protection equal to live infection. Both parasite and host are genetically tractable and this in vivo model will facilitate mechanistic investigation and rational vaccine design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-146.e5
JournalCell Host and Microbe
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 10 2019

Keywords

  • Apicomplexa
  • Cryptosporidium
  • cryptosporidiosis
  • diarrhea
  • host-pathogen
  • immunity
  • intestine
  • parasite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Virology

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