A gender-based analysis of predictors and sequelae of burnout among practicing American vascular surgeons

the SVS Wellness Task Force

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: Surgeons report higher burnout and suicidal ideation (SI) rates than the general population. This study sought to identify the prevalence and gender-specific risk factors for burnout and SI among men and women vascular surgeons to guide future interventions. Methods: In 2018, active Society for Vascular Surgery members were surveyed confidentially using the Maslach Burnout Index embedded in a questionnaire that captured demographic and practice-related characteristics. Results were stratified by gender. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were developed to identify predictors for the end points of burnout and SI. Results: Overall survey response rate was 34.3% (N = 878) of practicing vascular surgeons. A higher percentage of women responded (19%) than compose membership in the Society for Vascular Surgery (13.7%). Women respondents were significantly younger, with fewer years in practice, and were less likely to be in private practice than the men who responded. Women were also less likely to be married/partnered, or to have children. The prevalence of burnout was similar for women and men (42.3% and 40.9%; P = nonsignificant); however, the prevalence of SI was significantly higher in women (12.9% vs 6.6%; P < .007). Whereas there was no difference in mean hours worked or call taken, women were more likely to have had a recent conflict between work and home responsibilities and to have resolved this conflict in favor of work. Although men and women had the same incidence of reported recent medical errors, women were less likely to self-report a recent malpractice suit or to think that a fair resolution was reached. There was no gender difference in reported work-related pain. Multivariable analysis revealed that not enough family time and work-related pain were predictors for burnout in both men and women. Additional factors were associated with burnout in men, such as malpractice and electronic medical record dissatisfaction. Multivariable analysis revealed that work-related pain was an independent predictor for SI for the entire cohort. Conclusions: The prevalence of burnout among vascular surgeons is high. Women vascular surgeons have double the rates of SI compared with male vascular surgeons. Taken together, this study demonstrated that many of the same factors are associated with burnout in women and men, which include not enough family time, conflict between work and personal life, and work-related pain. Additional factors in men included conflict between work and family, work-related pain, and electronic medical record dissatisfaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1422-1430
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vascular Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2022


  • Burnout
  • Gender
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Vascular surgery
  • Wellness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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