A finite element solution procedure for porous medium with fluid flow and electromechanical coupling

Milos Kojic, Nenad Filipovic, Snezana Vulovic, Srboljub Mijailovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


We consider a coupled problem of the deformation of a porous solid, flow of a compressible fluid and the electrical field in the mixture. The governing equations consist of balance of the linear momentum of solid and of fluid, continuity equations of the fluid and current density, and a generalized form of Darcy's law which includes electrokinetic coupling. The compressibility of the solid and the fluid are taken into account. We transform these equations to the corresponding finite element relations by employing the principle of virtual work and the Galerkin procedure. The nodal point variables in our general formulation are displacements of solid, fluid pore pressure, relative velocity of the fluid and electrical potential. Derivation of the FE equations is presented for small displacements and elastic solid, which can further be generalized to large displacements and inelastic behaviour of the solid skeleton. According to this formulation we can include general boundary conditions for the solid, relative velocity of the fluid, fluid pressure, current density and electrical potential. The dynamic-type non-symmetric system of equations is solved through the Newmark procedure, while in the case of neglect of inertial terms we use the Euler method. Numerical examples, solved by our general-purpose FE package PAK, are taken from biomechanics. The results are compared with those available in the literature, demonstrating the correctness and generality of the procedure presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-392
Number of pages12
JournalCommunications in Numerical Methods in Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998


  • Electromechanical coupling
  • FEM
  • Fluid flow
  • Porous medium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Applied Mathematics


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