A descriptive and geospatial analysis of environmental factors attributing to sudden unexpected infant death

Stacy A. Drake, Dwayne A. Wolf, Yijiong Yang, Sherhonda Harper, Jennifer Ross, Thomas Reynolds, Eileen R. Giardino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined medicolegal death investigation records and autopsy reports of a medical examiner's office to identify the circumstances surrounding sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUID) and geospatial analyses to pinpoint areas of infant death concentration. Analysis of 732 records of SUID deaths occurring in a 10-year span resulted in the conclusion that environmental factors associated with the sudden death were to some extent modifiable. Co-sleeping (sharing a sleeping surface, or bed-sharing) on various surfaces (mattress, pallet, couch) occurred in 53.4% of the infant deaths. Geographic areas where the largest number of deaths occurred were characterized as areas of high poverty level. The inclusion of additional information at the time of investigation (eg, alcohol and tobacco use of co-sleepers, illness of others in household, exceptions to normal sleep routine of infant) may aid in identifying modifiable circumstances to reduce infant mortality attributable to sudden infant death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-116
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Forensic pathology
  • Geospatial analysis
  • Infant mortality
  • Medicolegal death investigation
  • Sudden unexpected infant death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A descriptive and geospatial analysis of environmental factors attributing to sudden unexpected infant death'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this