A comparison of races and leukemia subtypes among patients in different cancer survivorship phases

Devesh M. Pandya, Sukeshi Patel, Norma S. Ketchum, Brad H. Pollock, Swaminathan Padmanabhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: The three phases of cancer survivorship include the acute survival phase (ASP), the extended survival phase (ESP), and the permanent survival phase (PSP). This Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective pilot project compared races and leukemia subtypes among patients in the ASP, ESP, and PSP. Methods: Fifty-five adult patients from our National Cancer Institute-designated cancer center were individually interviewed. Subjects were asked about multiple areas of survivorship including their social support system, distress level, and quality of life. Results: Demographics of the 55 patients are acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), 10; acute myelocytic leukemia (AML), 9; chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), 23; and chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML), 13. There were 23 females and 32 males, 30 Hispanics, 20 Caucasians, and 5 African-Americans. Twenty-two patients were in the ASP, 21 in the ESP, and 12 in the PSP. AML patients experienced the most physical, family, emotional, and spiritual problems (78%, 33%, 56%, and 22%, respectively). AML patients also had the highest distress level with a mean score of 5.8 (SD 1.7), compared to ALL (1.8), CLL (3.2), and CML (5.1) (P value <.001). Among all the phases of survivorship, the ASP had the highest distress level (mean, 4.8) and the worst quality of life (mean, 2.3). The ASP patients had the most treatment for depression (38%). When comparing races, African Americans and Hispanics (40% and 37%, respectively) were unable to cope with finances, compared to Caucasians (5%), (P value.016). Fear of recurrence was higher in Hispanics (67%), compared to African Americans (40%) and Caucasians (30%) (P value.031). Hispanics (40%) experienced more problems with housing, insurance, and work, as compared to African Americans (20%) and Caucasians (10%) (P value.047). Conclusion: This study addresses the perceptions and beliefs of leukemia survivors and found that AML and minority patients need further investigation on various aspects of quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S114-S118
JournalClinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia
Issue numberSUPPL.1
StatePublished - Jun 2011


  • Acute myelogenous leukemia
  • Acute survival phase
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia
  • Extended survival phase
  • Permanent survival phase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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