A code-independent technique for computational verification of fluid mechanics and heat transfer problems

M. Garbey, C. Picard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The goal of this paper is to present a versatile framework for solution verification of PDE's. We first generalize the Richardson Extrapolation technique to an optimized extrapolation solution procedure that constructs the best consistent solution from a set of two or three coarse grid solution in the discrete norm of choice. This technique generalizes the Least Square Extrapolation method introduced by one of the author and W. Shyy. We second establish the conditioning number of the problem in a reduced space that approximates the main feature of the numerical solution thanks to a sensitivity analysis. Overall our method produces an a posteriori error estimation in this reduced space of approximation. The key feature of our method is that our construction does not require an internal knowledge of the software neither the source code that produces the solution to be verified. It can be applied in principle as a postprocessing procedure to off the shelf commercial code. We demonstrate the robustness of our method with two steady problems that are separately an incompressible back step flow test case and a heat transfer problem for a battery. Our error estimate might be ultimately verified with a near by manufactured solution. While our procedure is systematic and requires numerous computation of residuals, one can take advantage of distributed computing to get quickly the error estimate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-397
Number of pages11
JournalActa Mechanica Sinica/Lixue Xuebao
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2008


  • A posteriori estimate
  • Distributed Computing
  • Heat transfer
  • Navier Stokes
  • PDE's
  • Solution verification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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