A Case of Hypophosphatasia With Normal Alkaline Phosphatase Levels

Antara Dattagupta, Steven Petak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background/Objective: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare disease associated with low serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. Here, we present a case of a patient with normal serum ALP levels diagnosed with HPP. Case Report: A 36-year-old woman presented with progressive fatigue, weakness, and joint pain. She had been evaluated in the past for genetic disorders due to these symptoms and was found to have a history of several total ALP levels within normal limits but elevated vitamin B6 levels. She also reported having loose teeth and “gray gums” during her childhood. Bone-specific ALP was tested for suspicion of HPP and returned at 4.4 μ/L (reference range, 5.3-19.5 μg/L), which prompted genetic testing. Genetic testing confirmed a positive pathogenetic variant of the ALPL gene, the c.542C>T (p.Ser181Leu) variant. She started asfotase alfa treatment to improve her symptoms. Discussion: HPP was diagnosed based on clinical suspicion supported by laboratory findings, which can cause it to be underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed. Current literature reports that a low total ALP level is the main biochemical marker of HPP and the only level needed to diagnose the disease. However, bone-specific ALP, a common marker used for bone turnover, has not been required to be tested. Conclusion: This case highlights a patient with normal total ALP, but low bone-specific ALP diagnosed with HPP confirmed by genetic testing. This case warrants future investigation into the diagnostic approach to HPP and the diagnostic utility between ALP and bone-specific ALP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-40
Number of pages3
JournalAACE Clinical Case Reports
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2024


  • ALPL
  • bone-specific ALP
  • hypophosphatasia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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