A 17-year study of bloodstream infection after liver transplantation: resistance rate, risk factor and mortality of enteroccal bloodstream infections

Qiang Tai, Xiao Shun He, An Bin Hu, Lin Wei Wu, Wei Qiang Ju, Xiao Feng Zhu, Yi Ma, Dong Ping Wang, Guo Dong Wang, Zhi Yong Guo, Jie Fu Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To explore the resistance rate, risk factor and mortality of enteroccal bloodstream infections (BSI) after liver transplantation. Methods: From January 1993 to May 2010, a retrospective analysis of enteroccus in liver transplants were conducted. Results: Fifty-eight BSI occurred in 53 of 695 patients. And a total of 30 enterocci were isolated. Linezolid and glycopeptide antibiotics were the most consistently active against the Enterococcus. The resistance rates to Enterococcus for erythromycin, clindamycin, imipenem, ciprofloxacin, gentamycin and ampicillin-clavulanic acid were all over 70%. The univariate analysis identified the following variables as the risk factors for enterococcal bacteremia: retransplantion (P = 0.03) and biliary duct complications (P = 0.02). Enterococcal bloodstream infection increased the mortality at Day 15. No significant difference was found in the mortality rate at Day 30 and 1 year after enterococcal bacteremia. Conclusion: Enterococcus after liver transplantion is resistant to multiple agents but active to linezolid and glycopeptide antibiotics. The risk factors commonly associated with enteroccal BSI are retransplantion and biliary duct complications. Enterococcal BSI can increase the mortality at Day 15 after liver transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3279-3282
Number of pages4
JournalNational Medical Journal of China
Volume90
Issue number46
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 14 2010

Keywords

  • Enterococcus faecalis
  • Infection
  • Mortality
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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