64-Slice CT for Diagnosis of Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review

Paul D. Stein, Abdo Y. Yaekoub, Fadi Matta, Henry Dirk Sostman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

159 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to assess the accuracy of 64-slice CT coronary angiography for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Methods: We attempted to identify all published trials in all languages that used 64-slice CT to diagnose coronary artery disease. Results of 64-slice CT coronary angiography were compared with invasive coronary angiography or intravascular ultrasound. Results: Sensitivity of 64-slice CT for significant (≥50%) stenosis, based on pooled data from all studies, was ≥90% in patient-based evaluations, named vessels, segments, and coronary artery bypass grafts, except the left circumflex (sensitivity 88%), distal segments (80%), and stents (88%). Specificity was 88% in patient-based evaluations, and ≥90% at individual sites. Positive predictive values for patient-based evaluations, left main coronary artery, and coronary artery bypass grafts ranged from 91% to 93%, but elsewhere ranged from 69% to 84%. Negative predictive values were 96% to 100%. Positive likelihood ratios for patient-based evaluations were 8.0 and, at specific sites, were ≥9.7. Negative likelihood ratios, except for distal segments, were <0.1. Conclusion: Negative 64-slice CT reliably excluded significant coronary disease. However, the data suggest that stenoses shown on 64-slice CT require confirmation. Combining the results of 64-slice CT with a pre-CT clinical probability assessment would strengthen the diagnosis. Due to the risk of radiation-induced cancer, patients should be selected carefully for this test, and scan protocols should be optimized to minimize risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)715-725
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Medicine
Volume121
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Coronary angiography
  • Coronary artery disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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