3,4-Dihydroxybenzalacetone (DBL) Prevents Aging-Induced Myocardial Changes in Senescence-Accelerated Mouse-Prone 8 (SAMP8) Mice

Vijayasree V Giridharan, Vengadeshprabhu Karupppagounder, Somasundaram Arumugam, Yutaka Nakamura, Ashrith Guha, Tatiana Barichello, Joao Quevedo, Kenichi Watanabe, Tetsuya Konishi, Rajarajan A Thandavarayan

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4 Scopus citations


Aging is a predominant risk factor for the development and progression of cardiovascular complications. Physiologically and anatomically, the heart undergoes numerous changes that result in poor cardiac function in the elderly population. Recently, several studies have provided promising results, confirming the ability of the senescence-accelerated mouse-prone 8 (SAMP8) model to accurately model age-related cardiovascular alterations. In this study, using a murine model of senescence, SAMP8, we aimed to investigate the effect of 3,4-dihydroxybenzalacetone (DBL), a catechol-containing phenylpropanoid derivative isolated from Inonotusobliquus (Chaga), on cardiac aging. DBL was administered at the doses of 10 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg by oral gavage to SAMP8 mice to examine aging-mediated cardiac changes, such as oxidative DNA damage, oxygen radical antioxidant capacity (ORAC) value, fibrosis, inflammation, and apoptosis. The treatment with DBL at both doses significantly reduced aging-mediated oxidative DNA damage, and simultaneously increased the ORAC value in the SAMP8 assay. Cardiac fibrosis was assessed with Azan-Mallory staining, and the number of cardiac remodeling markers was found to be significantly reduced after the treatment with DBL. We also observed a decrease in cardiomyocyte apoptosis as measured by the terminal transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining method and the caspase-3 levels in SAMP8 mice compared with senescence-resistant control (SAMR1) mice. The findings from this study suggest that DBL has a potentially beneficial effect on aging-mediated myocardial alterations. Further studies are warranted to confirm the promising potential of this catechol compound against aging-associated myocardial dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 3 2020


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