β-Adrenergic stimuli and rotating suspension culture enhance conversion of human adipogenic mesenchymal stem cells into highly conductive cardiac progenitors

Jose Francisco Islas, Reza Abbasgholizadeh, Clifford Dacso, Vladimir N. Potaman, Stephen Navran, Richard A. Bond, Dinakar Iyer, Ravi Birla, Robert J. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Clinical trials using human adipogenic mesenchymal stem cells (hAdMSCs) for the treatment of cardiac diseases have shown improvement in cardiac function and were proven safe. However, hAdMSCs do not convert efficiently into cardiomyocytes (CMs) or vasculature. Thus, reprogramming hAdMSCs into myocyte progenitors may fare better in future investigations. To reprogramme hAdMSCs into electrically conductive cardiac progenitor cells, we pioneered a three-step reprogramming strategy that uses proven MESP1/ETS2 transcription factors, β-adrenergic and hypoxic signalling induced in three-dimensional (3D) cardiospheres. In Stage 1, ETS2 and MESP1 activated NNKX2.5, TBX5, MEF2C, dHAND, and GATA4 during the conversion of hAdMSCs into cardiac progenitor cells. Next, in Stage 2, β2AR activation repositioned cardiac progenitors into de novo immature conductive cardiac cells, along with the appearance of RYR2, CAV2.1, CAV3.1, NAV1.5, SERCA2, and CX45 gene transcripts and displayed action potentials. In Stage 3, electrical conduction that was fostered by 3D cardiospheres formed in a Synthecon®, Inc. rotating bioreactor induced the appearance of hypoxic genes: HIF-1α/β, PCG 1α/β, and NOS2, which coincided with the robust activation of adult contractile genes including MLC2v, TNNT2, and TNNI3, ion channel genes, and the appearance of hyperpolarization-activated and cyclic nucleotide-gated channels (HCN1–4). Conduction velocities doubled to ~200 mm/s after hypoxia and doubled yet again after dissociation of the 3D cell clusters to ~400 mm/s. By comparison, normal conduction velocities within working ventricular myocytes in the whole heart range from 0.5 to 1 m/s. Epinephrine stimulation of stage 3 cardiac cells in patches resulted in an increase in amplitude of the electrical wave, indicative of conductive cardiac cells. Our efficient protocol that converted hAdMSCs into highly conductive cardiac progenitors demonstrated the potential utilization of stage 3 cells for tissue engineering applications for cardiac repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)306-318
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020

Keywords

  • adipogeneic mesenchymal stem cells
  • Cardiac
  • cardiac repair
  • conductive cardiac progenitors
  • MESP1/ETS2 transcription factors
  • stem cell reprogramming
  • Tissue Engineering
  • transdifferentiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

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