α4 integrin increases anoikis of human osteosarcoma cells

Rex A.W. Marco, C. Marcela Díaz-Montero, James N. Wygant, Eugenie S. Kleinerman, Bradley W. McIntyre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cell motility, growth, and proliferation are regulated by adhesion to the extracellular matrix. Detachment of adherent cells from extracellular matrix results in induction of apoptosis ("anoikis"). Transformed cells often show an anchorage-independent growth that enables them to acquire a motile, invasive phenotype. This phenotype has been associated with the altered expression and function of the integrin family of transmembrane proteins that mediate cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix. Although α4 integrin is normally expressed on leukocyte subpopulations, a number of metastatic melanomas and sarcomas express it as well. In this study, we demonstrated the expression of α4 integrins on the human osteosarcoma cell line SAOS and on metastatic osteosarcoma lesions from the lung and pericardium. We further demonstrated that α4 integrin is coupled to the β1 subunit by biochemical analysis and by using a mAb directed against a combinatorial epitope unique to the α4β1 molecule. SAOS cells undergo anoikis when adherence is denied. Anoikis involved the activation of caspase 3 and the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria. Treatment of non-adherent SAOS with an anti-α4 mAb increased anoikis while anti-β1 integrin mAbs did not alter anoikis, thus indicating a novel function for the α4 subunit in the control of cell death. Since integrins can control cell migration, proliferation, and apoptosis these results demonstrate a potential role for α4 integrin during multiple aspects of osteosarcoma metastasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1038-1047
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume88
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cell adhesion
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Metastasis
  • Osteogenic sarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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